Brachot of Kriat HaMegillah

28.02.19

Pergunta

Question:
Shalom Rabb
i
I wanted to ask I am the Baal Koreh for the Megillah in my Bet Knesset. Unfortunately, my father A”H was niftar this year and I am in Aveilut. It is better not to say the bracha fo Shehecheyanu during the year. Can I have someone else say the brachot and I will read the Megillah?

 

Resposta

Answer:
The Halacha is that the one who reads the Megillah must be one who says the Brachot as well. The last bracha of Harav et Riveinu can be said by someone else.

Explanation:
We find this issue brought up in many places in h the Shulchan Aruch. We will bring up the different examples in Hilchot Shechita, Kriat HaTorah, Bedikat Chametz, Nerot Shabbat Hilchot Megillah.
  1. Yoreh Deah 1:7 in Hilchot Shechita: One who can hear but not speak if he is an expert Shochet, he can do the Shechita and someone else can say the bracha. It seems from here that one may do the Mitzvah of Shechita and someone else can say the bracha. The Taz explains though(1:17) that only by brachot of Shevach, praise, can one person say the bracha for the other but in Birkat HaMItzvot one can’t make the bracha if another person does the mitzvah. The Shach agrees (32)

The Shach explains that which the Shulchan Aruch says someone else can make the is that the other one is also dong Shechita at the same he just is able to exempt the mute man form the . If he is not as well, then he can’ t makes the .
The Pri (OH432:32) differentiates between mitzvot which are obligatory and those which are not. Those which are optional, like Shechita (just don’t eat meat), it is forbidden for one to say the and one to do the mitzvah. Obligatory Mitzvot like Shofar and Megillah, one can make the and the other perform the mitzvah. According to the Taz and the reader of the Megillah must be the one who says the .
  1. In Hilchot Kriat HaTorah (OH 141:2) The Shulchan Aruch writes that the one who gets the Aliyah LeTorah must read along who the Baal Koreh quietly because he can’t make a bracha on the Baal Koreh’s reading just his own.

However,the Da’at Torah quotes the Besamim Rosh who says that Kriat HaTorah is a special case since it is only an obligation for the Tzibur therefore since he makes the bracha he must read as well. As opposed to other Mitzvot which are personal obligations, he can make a bracha and have a Shliach do the mitzvah for him.
  1. In Hilchot Pesachim (OH 432:2) if the Baal Habayit gathers his household and makes one bracha on Bedikat Chametz and everyone can go to his own house and do Bedikat Chametz. The Shulchan Aruch does not discuss a case where the Baal Habayit doesn’t do any of the Bedikah himself. Can the Baal Habayit make the bracha? The Magen Avraham (432:6) writes if the Baal Habayit must check a little fo the house at least but if he can’t check at all then the Shliach should make the bracha. And then check.
  2. By Neirot Shabbat The Maharsha”k (110) discusses a case where the wife wants to make the bracha and the husband will light. He says only fools do that since any mitzvah which is performed by a Shliach the Shliach should say the bracha as well. Similarly, the Mishna Berura (263:21) writes in the name of R’ Yaakov MiLisa (the author the Netivot Hamishpat)  one who asks his friend to light Neirot Shabbat for him the lighter should make the bracha.
  3. The Rema in Hilchot Megillah (692:1) rules that one may make the bracha and another read. The reason is since everyone is a partner in this mitzvah and each and everyone is obligated in reading the Megillah, even without ten, a minyan. Unlike Kriat HaTorah which is an obligation only on a Tzibbur.

The Birkei Yosef rules like the Ritva (brought in Shaar Hatziyun 692:6), that only by the bracha after Kriat Hamegillah may someone else make the bracha for the Baal Koreh since itis a bracha of praise. The first bracha however the Baal Koreh must make the before.
The Yalkut Yosef seems to rule that one may have someone else say the first as well.