Authenticity of Judaism

24.03.15

Pergunta

How should I address the following question:
Why can’t it be that three thousand years ago, some mad grandfather wrote the Torah scroll and told his sons that he was the only remnant of a war that killed the entire Jewish people apart from him, or gave another explanation regarding the rest of the people, ie Later on, among them were people who called themselves prophets, made wars, etc. this is an explanation for all of the archaeological findings of the kings of the House of David,” etc.
 

Resposta

There are at least 4000 religions in the world, who have also started from tribes, nations or families (clans). If mass history could be invented in this way, then believe that many other religions in the world would have given their children lies from some "mad grandfather" about miracles on a national scale made in front of millions of their ancestors who never existed.

There is a saying in English that says "No man is an island" - no one stands alone.

That is, people live in communities and come into contact with other people, have families and need more people in their lives. Every son has to find a woman to marry - and of course there are parents and grandparents on both sides. Every family has aunts and uncles, cousins, ​​ brothers and sisters, and other relatives close and distant. And of course there is contact with neighbors, doctors, trade with other peoples and familiarity with neighboring cultures.

This means that even if a "crazy grandfather + mad grandmother" were to rise up and invent a history that was not theirs, the children would quickly discover that they had been lied to as soon as they came into contact with other people. Because no one is a "desert island".

What you have said is impossible for many reasons, and here some of them:

1. First and foremost, that the Torah is intended for an entire people, and not for a single family. It records the conquest of the land, an institution of priests, Levi’im, Sanhedrin and more, as well as twelve tribes that conquer the land. It is impossible to come to the children and tell them that it is night when they clearly see that it is day. It is also impossible to invent events on a national scale as if there were not millions of other families who have heard about it. It is impossible to conceal the people of Israel and the Temple, and to continue to believe in the Torah that no nation attests to it from its forefathers. All the people around us also know about the conquest of the land by Israel, and about the history of the Jewish people.

2. History continues to testify in each generation, so that each generation receives further confirmation in the chain. If only one family suddenly transmitted the Torah - this event would have been commemorated in the writings of their descendants - who would say that they received this from a generation that had already died out. It is impossible to "transplant" history, or even to eliminate the "implant" from the ears of future generations, and to also conceal the time and the event of the "implantation" ...

There are 24 books in the Bible that document each period of the Jewish people, the size of the nation, the wars, the leaders, the kings, etc. This does not allow for a "transplant," since each period was recorded by the people of that generation, who confirmed the tradition of the previous generation. The book of Joshua documents the conquest of the land after the death of Moses, the Book of Judges documents the wars and the leaders after the conquest of the land, the Book of Samuel documents the wars and the leaders during the first reign (Saul and David), and the Book of Kings documents the division of the kingdoms into the kingdom of Israel and the kingdom of Judah. There were two Temples, Sanhedrin and Kohanim and Levites.

Note that there is historical documentation of the size and distribution of the population in the generation that dwelled in the desert. The Torah numbers the size of the nation at the time of its transmission as 3 million people, a number composed of twelve different tribes, apart from the priests, the Levites and the seventy-one members of the Sanhedrin. This number is not arbitrary: The Book of Numbers lists the distribution of the population of the 12 tribes in the generation of the desert, the names of the families, the dynasties, the heads of each tribe, the lands, the flags and more. The Torah documents the number of people in the generation of the exodus from Egypt: 603,550 men aged 20 and over.

The Book of Exodus (38:26) states: "Half a shekel according to the holy shekel for each one who goes through the counting, from twenty years old and upward, for six hundred three thousand, five hundred and fifty [people]." And the date on which the count was specified in the Torah: "On the first day of the second month of the second year."

One person cannot invent a national history.

You can write whatever you want in a book, but you cannot convince an entire nation of a history that they have not heard from their forefathers.
If that were possible, thousands of other religions in the world would tell of miracles on a mass scale as the Torah does!
 * * *
All the archaeologists admit that the people of Israel (the twelve tribes) conquered the Land and ruled the entire Land of Israel more than 2500 years ago, and built the First and Second Temples. Have you heard of the Kingdom of Israel and the Kingdom of Judea? These were two Jewish kingdoms within the Land of Israel.

A small family could not conquer the entire land and build a temple there.

 Also, do not forget that there are 24 books of the Bible, not just a Torah scroll recounting the exodus from Egypt. There are historical books that document every period of the Jewish people, the kings, the geographical distribution and the dynasties, and even wars between the tribes.
 Moreover, the Torah is too complex to be given to one family.

The Torah in the first place is intended for an entire people, for twelve tribes with priests and Levites and judges and the Sanhedrin, and the commandments that are written and oral – it’s not likely that other people would not know about them.

Ask yourself, does this child have no grandparents on the father's side, and grandparents on the mother's side, uncles and aunts, cousins, neighbors and friends telling him the truth? And who does this child marry? A Jew like him, who also has a father and mother, grandparents, uncles and aunts, etc. The Torah is not intended for a single person and cannot be passed on by a single person.

Who do you think wrote the Book of Joshua Judges Kings Chronicles etc.? These works are too vast and complex to be written by a single individual and contain historical details from many periods that only those were alive at the time could know them.
 * * *
 And now, to the root of the question: Can a false history be invented in front of millions?

 There is a fundamental difference between the history of an entire people and a fairy tale:
1. A fairy tale tells about individuals. For example: Muhammad said that an angel revealed itself to him in a cave and gave him the Quran. How do you know that it really happened? After all, no one else was there. Maybe he imagined it? Maybe he lied? It's just a story, not a history. The Christians also say that Jesus had only a few disciples who believed in him, and only four people who wrote the New Testament. So how can you believe them? This is nothing more than a story that is transmitted by individuals who can make mistakes or lie.

 2. On the other hand history – is the story of entire people who saw the events themselves. For example: the Holocaust. How do we know that it really happened? Because millions of people were there, and millions of Holocaust survivors told their children what happened in the Holocaust, and the entire nation declared Holocaust Remembrance Day in memory of this terrible historical event. So it's history, not just a fairy tale.
 Any mass event that involves millions of people is history.

Please note that there is no other nation in the world that ascribes a Divine revelation to an entire people, because it is impossible to invent history. If such an event could have been devised, many religions in the world would have told their followers how they had made great miracles for millions of people.

When an entire nation passes historical national events from generation to generation, one can not deny them rationally.

It is enough for two people to claim that there was murder in order to put a suspect on trial. All the more so when an entire nation claims to have witnessed great events, transmitting this history on to its descendants - and even celebrating holidays and memorial days in its memory.
Imagine that people would remember the Holocaust by building camps in the courtyard of theit homes, sleeping for seven days, or eating dry and shriveled bread in memory of the Holocaust for a week. Is it possible that an entire people would agree to accept difficult customs in memory of a history that did not exist?

Yet the people of Israel have been celebrating Sukkot for thousands of years, and for a week they eat and sleep in the sukkah. The people of Israel have celebrated Passover for thousands of years, and for a week do not touch chametz. We eat matzos, and tell about the Exodus from Egypt as our forefathers. Is it possible to deny such a strong history?

 A rational person will not deny the history of an entire people without unequivocal proof against it, especially in light of the fact that we have never heard of a people who invented a history of themselves. We have not heard of a nation that lied to its sons, or of an entire nation that succeeded in persuading its members to believe in a historical event that never existed. Again, it is impossible that only the people of Israel are "stupid" or "liars." It should be noted that Muslims and Christians believe in the stories of individuals who have claimed to have experienced personal revelation. They are believers – not liars.

The Christian and Muslim fathers do not lie to their children by saying that their fathers foresaw great miracles that they did not see. All the world's great religions are based on blind faith in man.